|Young boys Zulu Dance |
Ingoma (isizingili) - a dance performed
by boys and girls without drums and
|Young sangoma girls Zulu Dance |
accompanied by a chant. The girls wear woollen skirts and are usually
They also wear rattles made of seedpods around the ankles to accent the high kicks.
The Ingoma is one of the purist
remnants of Zulu tradition. Boys and girls perform the dance for transition ceremonies such as coming of age, weddings. In
the past before a hunt as well as before battle. For the youth it instills the trasition of sharing experiences and building
solidarity through communal dance.
Ingoma (isishameni) - a harmonising performance with boys and girls together
but dancing separately. The boys clap while the girls dance and vice-versa.
Indlamu - the traditional dance most often associated
with Zulu culture. It
|Older men Zulu Dance |
is performed with drums and full traditional attire and is derived from the war dances of the warriors.
This war dance is untouched by Western influence probably
because it is regarded as a touchstone of Zulu identity.Full regimental atture, precise timing and uncompromised posture are
required.It is danced by men of any age wearing skin(amabeshu), headrings, ceremonial belts, ankle rattles, sheilds and weapons
like knobkeries and spears. While indlamu uses similar steps as girls do for ingoma, it has a much more calculated, less frantic
feel, showing off muscular strength and control of the weapons with mock stabs at imaginary enemies.Dancers are more likely
to make eye contact with the audience.Various drums and whistles accompany the dance.
|Young men Zulu Dance |
Both indlamu and ingoma are
performed at weddings.Women perform ingoma and men indlamu.
Imvunulo - this is a dance by only one participant
and is a parade to show
|Young men Zulu Dance |
off the traditional attire of the Zulu men and women.Traditional attire is integral in dance,
representing one’s role and position in society.
Dress is determined by age, rank and gender. Young ones do not
cover their thighs, but adults should.Men wear amabeshu and women wear leather skirts and beaded aprons.A leather skirt worn
by a women is connected with being pregnant or desiring to be pregnant. Over that she wears beaded aprons, presented on her
wedding day by her father. Colours in the aprons can signify where the dancer comes from. Girls beadwork girdles are called
isigege and should not contain red beads as these are reserved for married women.
|Older girls Zulu Dance |
IsicathamiyaThis is performed by men or boys
standing in a straight line or arc. The music is balladic and the lyrics pertain to modern issues but use ancient melodies.
Issues like aids, crime and migrant labour . The lead singer provides the counterpoint or rhythm. The music form symbolises
life in rural Zululand and the townships.This dance has become internationally known.
There are special wedding
songs and dances called umBholoho and form a structured ritual to channel mutual antagonism between families of the
bride and groom. Families take turns to outdo each other in beautiful dancing and song.